All operational staff and technical support for SCADA control systems. Includes State-by-State Info, How to Hire Temporary Workers [Step-by-Step Guide], How to Become a Contact Tracer [Step-by-Step Guide]. The coronavirus pandemic has revealed the lack of power far too many U.S. workers experience in the workplace. 12. The Energy category comes in three variations: electricity industry, petroleum employees, and natural and propane gas employees. On May 1, Gov. The District of Columbia lists most of the 14 categories as essential services, with the addition of employees that work in transportation and shelter operations. In all U.S. states, first responders are required to work during a state of emergency. Alaska recognizes the 14 categories listed above as Essential Employees, with a special emphasis on construction workers and hardware supply stores. Gov. The United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) has won, The AFL-CIO has called on the Department of Labor to, The American Postal Workers Union (APWU) has, The Transport Workers Union of America (TWU) and the Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU). Tate Reeves announced a statewide shelter-in-place order that will last until May 11. Charlie Baker issued an emergency order requiring all businesses that do not provide essential services to close their physical workplaces. New Hampshire essential employees fall under all 14 categories recognized by CISA, with the addition of steam workers. Caregivers (including doctors, dentists, psychologists, nurses and assistants, infection control and quality assurance employees, pharmacists, physical and occupational therapists, The definition of a nonessential employee varies from state to state, but generally, it includes employees who do not work in healthcare, infrastructure, public works, food production and distribution, emergency services, and communications. On 01 April, Gov. Table 2 shows the demographics of essential workers by industry, including gender, education level, and race and ethnicity. The state places a special emphasis on health care, food service, law enforcement and similar critical services. Blood and plasma donors and the employees of the organizations that oversee related activities. Below is a list of essential services as defined by the state of Vermont: HEALTH CARE. While the Trump administration has failed to provide essential workers basic protections, working people are taking action. While many states go on lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic, it's the communications and information technology industry that is responsible for ensuring the public is kept informed about the latest developments. Employees in food testing labs in both private industries and in institutions of higher education. In addition, the state recognizes that all healthcare, emergency services, and public workers are vital during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, despite being categorized as essential, many workers in these industries are not receiving the most basic health and safety measures to combat the spread of the coronavirus. Workers who support necessary credentialing, vetting and licensing operations for transportation workers … Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website. Why give to EPI Alabama currently recognizes only healthcare providers, public workers, and emergency services as essential employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. On March 22, Gov. Employees supporting the sanitation of all food manufacturing processes. That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First Responders, Public Safety […] If you are a contractor or subcontractor that delivers important services to the Department of Defense, you still fall under the essential employee's category. Mike DeWine instituted a state reopening plan that permits nonessential businesses in the manufacturing, distribution, and construction industries to return to work on 4 May. Mike Parson officially announced a "Show Me Strong Recovery" plan that permits some nonessential employees to return to work. Louisiana's essential employees fall under all 14 categories recognized by CISA. Doug Ducey announced that retail stores will open on 8 May and restaurants will reopen on 11 May. Half of the essential industries have a median hourly wage that is less than the nonessential workforce’s median hourly wage. Essential workers in the food and agriculture industry have the lowest median hourly wage, at $13.12, while essential workers in the financial industry have the highest, at $29.55. VENDORS. On 4 May, Gov. Many journalists and news services are also considered essential workers, meaning they are still required to attend their place of work to put together breaking news for TV, Radio and Digital platforms to keep people informed. Events Colorado recognizes employees that work in healthcare, critical manufacturing, financial services, public work, defense, communication, and retail stores (including liquor and firearm stores) as essential. information on Australian essential workers, Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency, Can small business owners collect unemployment insurance, Resources for small business owners affected by Coronavirus, Communications and information technology, Community-based government operations and essential functions, Layoff Letter Due to COVID-19 (Coronavirus) - Free Template, Government Aid for U.S. Minnesota's essential employees fall under all 14 categories listed by CISA. Kentucky's essential employees mostly fall under the 14 categories, with a special focus on manufacturing and supply chain. Donate. Gretchen Whitmer called for Michigan residents to stay at home until May 15 but also modified restrictions so some nonessential businesses can reopen. The definition [may vary by state](#essential-employees-by-state]. Businesses Affected by COVID-19 (Coronavirus), What is an Nonessential Employee? Jobs at EPI Brad Little announced that Idaho will enter the first stage of the state's recovery plan. Vermont recognizes the essential employees listed above, with a special emphasis on childcare facilities and services. On May 4, the statewide stay-at-home order expired and the state entered a stage one of its reopening plan. Maine essential employees and services are similar to the 14 categories listed above. Employees conducting cybersecurity functions at healthcare and public health facilities (only if employees are unable to work from home). Tom Wolf instituted a state reopening plan that will permit some nonessential businesses to operate from May 8. The International Labour Office, a United Nations agency, makes distinctions between an essential service and a minimum service. Essential service workers are prohibited by law from striking. Other essential workers are further down the list. North Carolina does not have an official list of essential employees but the State does recognize the 14 categories listed by CISA. An essential employee is a designated employee that is required to work during a business closure in order to meet operational requirements. Examples of Essential Water & Sanitation Employees: All employees supporting transportation functions, such as dispatchers and maintenance and repair technicians, are considered as essential. Financial services mainly refer to banking and lending institutions. All employees who support the operation, inspection, and maintenance of essential public works facilities and operations, (including roads and bridges, traffic signal maintenance, emergency location services, maintenance of digital systems infrastructure). Eric Holcomb issued a five stage statewide reopening plan that allow some nonessential businesses in the manufacturing, retail, industrial, commercial, and infrastructure industries to operate. Employees performing transportation functions, including truck and bus drivers, dispatchers, maintenance and repair technicians, and those that maintain and inspect infrastructure. Strikingly, some of the most high-risk industries have the lowest unionization rates, such as health care (10%) and food and agriculture (8%). Gretchen Whitmer defines essential employees as “workers who are necessary to sustain or protect life are defined as critical infrastructure workers” by the Director of the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. Oregon's essential services include those mentioned in all 14 categories, with the addition of employees that work in childcare facilities and construction. On the March 24, Gov. Since each state can individually determine what classifies as essential, employers need to check with their state's government offices before closing down their businesses. Examples of Essential Transportation & Logistics Employees: To ensure public facilities are maintained, public workers are considered to be essential. On March 25, Gov. We re… Georgia recognizes employees that fall under the 14 categories as essential. On April 30, Gov. Business cafeterias used to feed employees. These can include elections personnel, building employees, security employees, trade officials, weather forecasters, customs workers, and educators. Roy Cooper announced that some nonessential businesses will reopen on May 8. For Canada see our information on essential businesses. Note: Code for the definition of essential services used here is available upon request. Including call center personnel, utility employees, and maintenance technicians. Nebraska has not announced a statewide stay at home order. A comprehensive look at their wages, demographics, and unionization rates, Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy, Economic Analysis and Research Network (EARN), are not receiving the most basic health and safety measures, failed to provide essential workers basic protections, A Basic Demographic Profile of Workers in Frontline Industries, access to employer-sponsored health benefits, providing health insurance and requiring safety equipment, 14% increase in the rate of occupational fatalities, enact and enforce policies that would protect essential workers, secured additional paid sick leave, extended paid leave for dependent care, and expanded teleworking policies, are working together to put pressure on transit agencies to secure safety protections, Collective bargaining and right to organize, Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy • PREE, Economic Analysis and Research Network • EARN. On March 28, Gov. Aircraft and weapon systems mechanics and maintainers. Phil Scott issued a "Stay Home, Stay Safe" order which directs all nonessential businesses to close until May 15. social workers, and speech pathologists). Contact us EPI’s research helps policymakers, opinion leaders, advocates, journalists, and the public understand the bread-and-butter issues affecting ordinary Americans. On 27 April, Gov. Exploring how race, ethnicity, and class intersect to affect economic outcomes in the United States. Michigan Gov. Truck drivers who haul hazardous and waste materials. Washington, DC 20005 Maryland recognizes all employees that fall under the 14 categories as essential. Key differences are that we use a different data set—the Current Population Survey (CPS) instead of the American Community Survey (ACS), so we could get union breakdowns—and we expand the definition of essential to include occupations found in California and Maryland’s executive orders. The healthcare industry, both public and private, provides essential services that cannot shut down in any circumstance. Greg Abbot announced a state reopening plan that will come into effect on May 8. However, officials are yet to release a complete list. Andrew Cuomo ordered all workers in nonessential businesses to close down. This order permits the reopening of some nonessential businesses. Employees who support food, shelter, and social services. Manufacturing affects multiple industries and essential categories, including transportation and healthcare. Workers essential for assistance programs and government payments. Table 3 Nonessential and essential workers’ median hourly wages, by gender, education, and race/ethnicity, 2019 Utah does not have a shelter in place order in place, but has asked residents to "stay safe, stay home.". Table 3 shows the median wages for nonessential and essential workers by gender, education, and race and ethnicity. On March 25, Gov. John Carney issued a statewide stay-at-home order that will remain in effect until May 15. The State of Ohio recognizes the 14 categories released by CISA as essential services. Policymakers must address the needs of working people in relief and recovery legislation, and that should include ensuring workers have a meaningful right to a union. They have no effective right to refuse dangerous assignments and are not even being granted premium pay, despite working in difficult and dangerous conditions. On April 27, Gov. These include all employees needed to administer and maintain systems for processing financial transactions and services. Three in 10 essential workers have some college (30%) or a high school diploma (29%). For greater clarity, this includes but is not limited to: However, Missouri does recognize most of the 14 categories as essential, especially law enforcement and emergency services, and healthcare employees. On March 23, Gov. Essential services may refer to a class of occupations that have been legislated by a government to have special restrictions in regard to labour actions such as not being allowed to legally strike. Men make up the vast majority of essential workers in the energy sector (96%), water and wastewater management (91%), and critical manufacturing (88%). Workers across the UK’s air, water road and rail routes are considered essential workers during the outbreak. Essential employees designation is determined by the state, along with the responsibilities of the employee, and the reasons for closing. Information may change as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop. How do taxes and spending work, and where do you fit in? Non-essential workers who cannot work from home can use any available paid sick leave for time off work under the “preventative care” provision in the law. On March 24, Gov. pallets, crates, containers, and other supplies needed to support manufacturing, packaging, and distribution functions. On the March 24, Gov. On May 4, Kentucky began its phased reopening that will last until May 20. On March 23, Gov. David Ige announced a "safer at home" order that makes provision for some nonessential businesses to reopen on May 7. Your manufacturing business has to be labeled "critical" by the state. The Economic Policy Institute staff is unionized with the Employees of companies engaged in the production of chemicals, medicines, vaccines, and other substances used by … Essential workers who are self-isolating can also be registered and referred for coronavirus testing by their employer from Thursday. These employees also include those responsible for the cleanup of waste and the maintenance of digital systems infrastructure supporting hazardous materials management operations. The Heroes Act details quite a comprehensive list of essential workers on pages 1534, line 13 through 1547 of the bill. In expanding vaccination beyond the initial targeted groups of healthcare workers and nursing home residents, the ACIP experts said the transition between phases will likely overlap. These employees include those who operate, evaluate, and maintain dams, locks, levees, and bridges. For example, these employees are responsible for producing hand sanitizers, food and food additives, pharmaceuticals, paper products, and more. South Dakota has no statewide stay at home order in place. Employees supporting the seafood and fishing industry. Kansas recognizes employees as essential if they work in hospitals, childcare facilities, government operations, food and beverage, liquor stores and cannabis production, and lawn care. Essential employees in New Jersey include those that work in pharmacies and medical marijuana dispensaries, grocery stores, gas stations, pet stores, laundromats, as well as mail and delivery stores. Employees that fall under these categories are referred to as "Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers" and are generally required to deliver services around the clock. North Dakota does not have specific guidelines in place that outline essential services and employees. Using executive orders from California and Maryland as models, we identify below 12 “essential” industries that employ more than 55 million workers, and we detail the demographics, median wages, and union coverage rates for these workers. Ralph Northam ordered all Virginia schools and non-essential businesses will be closed until mid-June. People of color make up the majority of essential workers in food and agriculture (50%) and in industrial, commercial, residential facilities and services (53%). However, on March 19, Gov. New York essential employees fall under the 14 categories, with an emphasis on those that work in grocery stores, food delivery service, and public transportation. All workers without whom there could be a significant impact on Scotland but where the response to coronavirus, or the ability to perform essential tasks to … Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and any other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and needed facilities. Employees who keep roads in good repair and free of debris. Essential employees in Arizona are similar to the 14 categories listed above, with the addition of employees at hotels and motels, laundry businesses, and hardware and supply stores. An essential employee is a designated employee that is required to work during a business closure in order to meet operational requirements. Jared Polis issued a "safer at home" order that will end on the 27 May. Pennsylvania essential employees work in healthcare, infrastructure, manufacturing, retail, public services, financial services, defense, and construction. Chris Sununu issued a stay-at-home order that will last until the end of May. This category will heavily depend on the state your business is situated in. All of our information has been updated to cover the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, and current definitions of "essential employee." Many of these workers are required to work without protective equipment. Here's how to tilt it back. On March 27, Gov. On May 5, Gov. Key workers are the people who are crucial to keeping the country running safely. Workers at operations centers necessary to maintain other essential functions. Here are the best gifts to get them from N95 masks to food delivery. On March 31, Gov. All employees responsible for or involved in the installation, distribution, and maintenance of communication infrastructures, including technicians, operators, call-centers, wire-line and wireless providers, cable service providers, and those who support radio, television, and other media services. Essential transportation workers are defined as workers supporting or enabling transportation functions in any transportation mode (i.e. During the COVID-19 pandemic, certain industries are responsible for the continued operation of services, such as healthcare, emergency services, public works, and manufacturing, among others. While the coronavirus pandemic has shut down much of the U.S. economy, with over 33 million workers applying for unemployment insurance since March 15, millions of workers are still on the job providing essential services. These essential employees are too valuable in the case of an emergency. Essential workers were lambs sent to slaughter by Donald Trump and his no-nothing Republicans. Employees who oversee the removal, storage, and disposal of residential and commercial solid and hazardous waste. For the purposes of this Executive Order, Essential Businesses and Operations means Healthcare and Public Health Operations, Human Services The functioning of special infrastructure is vital for public health, safety, and community well-being. PROPERTY SERVICES. West Virginia essential employees all fall under the 14 categories listed above, with the addition of employees working in hardware stores, motels and hotels, and laundry services. The Trump administration’s failure to provide essential workers basic protections during the coronavirus pandemic sheds light on the importance of unions. This category refers to critical government workers, as defined by the employer. Because each state is different and the COVID-19 situation continues to develop, it's wise to contact your state's official government offices before opening your restaurant business. community and voluntary workers, working in a publicly commissioned service, not otherwise included on the list, deployed to assist in the delivery of essential services The second group, it recommended, should be essential workers. On April 24, Gov. Am I entitled to use paid sick leave if I am an essential worker under the stay-at-home order? Brian Kemp eased restrictions, allowing most nonessential businesses to reopen. All employees that support, manage, and maintain the essential services required to meet national security commitments to the federal government and the U.S. military. 911 call center employees (including telecommunicators, dispatchers, and managerial employees). EPI is an independent, nonprofit think tank that researches the impact of economic trends and policies on working people in the United States. There’s an inherent imbalance of bargaining power between employers and employees. On March 30, Tennessee Gov. The different essential employees required might depend on the county. This can vary between states, but generally essential employees are those who work in hospitals, policing, prisons, emergency services, and infrastructure maintenance. New Mexico recognizes essential employees as those that support the public health, safety, and well-being of the State. Ron DeSantis eased the Florida statewide stay at home order. According to the U..S Department of Homeland Security, essential workers are those who conduct a range of operations and services that are typically essential to continue critical infrastructure operations. 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