Use the paint that you bought for this project, whether it is oil-based, water-based latex, or spray paint to paint over your stained wood surface. When using an oil based topcoat over a water based stain or milk paint, allow water based finishes, such as HP topcoat to dry at least 24 hours before coating with an oil based product. This technique involves applying a base coat and then latex paint mixed with a water-based glaze and then an optional topcoat. It’s possible to cover oil-based finish with either latex paint or oil-based paint, but additional surface prep is needed. Expresso will always bleed if Whitewash is applied directly over … Use a dry cloth to absorb any excess water and, if the object is still damp, let it air dry before staining it. Yes, only there are a few things you need to do (or have done) before the water stain can be painted over. To generate a durable finish, you must apply a special primer that will bond to both coatings. Water Based Stains will always exhibit a bit of bleed through. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Next, dissolve a quarter-cup of trisodium phosphate (TSP) in one gallon of warm water. Make sure each coat is completely dry before applying the next coat. Yes! Next, make sure that the area is dry. Always prepare the wood before you paint over stain. Keep in mind, however, that proper prep is essential; skimp on these steps and tannins from the stain would likely bleed unattractively onto the fresh paint. As long as you have a professional take care of the leaks and any mold, the process is not too difficult for an experienced do-it-yourselfer, but it is time consuming. Is that true—and if not, what’s the best way to paint over wood stain? Video of the Day If the spot is at all moldy (which would indicate a longer-term leak), then the mold needs to be killed. Now apply a bonding primer—a water-based formula designed to adhere to glossy and other hard-to-paint surfaces (such as varnish and polyurethane)—following product directions carefully. Andréana Lefton, Bob Vila, follow these general preparatory steps for painting over stain, The Best Post-Holiday Deals for Your Home Refresh Resolution, The Dos and Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything You Own, 45 Things Every Homeowner Should Know How to Do, 5 Ways to Prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix, Organize Your Life with 12 Dollar-Store Buys, 11 Ways to Keep Your REAL Desktop Organized. You can start by drying up puddles of water with towels, but it’s also a good idea to run a dehumidifier. Oil and water are famous for repelling one another and not mixing. A water based stain will also retain its color better than oil. RELATED: 11 Problems You Can Solve with Paint. Any questions? If it is not repaired or if the repair job is bad, then the water will continue to come in and you will need to paint that spot again, (and again, and again, every time it rains!) It is perfect for updating antiques, creating a matte finish that can easily be distressed for a “shabby chic” feel. Before you prep, determine the type of wood stain (oil- or water-based) that you’re dealing with by lightly sprinkling water on a small patch of the wood surface. Use either a latex-based or an oil-based primer as your first coat of paint before applying the finishing coat. Sand all rough areas and wipe clean with a damp rag. Deglosser, also known as “liquid sandpaper,” contains heavy solvents that strip the finish off wood surfaces faster than manual sanding. You will probably need to paint that whole wall or ceiling, because it is very difficult to paint just a patch and get it to blend well with the rest. Sand again to smooth the surface and clean with a damp rag. Is this sounding like a lot of work? Paint: Finally, you can paint! Paint the affected area with a high-quality interior paint. You don't want to mess with lingering mold! For outdoor projects, choose an “interior/exterior” formula, which will resist rot and extreme weather. You may need 2 coats of paint to get the coverage you desire. Unfortunately, the two colors you have chosen do not work very well together. For indoor projects, use interior paint. Q: My childhood dresser is beautiful but the wood stain looks faded. For one thing, they offer a range and intensity of colors that oil-based stains can't begin to offer. You’ll find most oil stains should dry for at least 12 to 18 hours before going over the stain with any EMTECH water-based sealer or topcoat. If the paint adheres without bleed-through, you can paint without priming. I’d love to update it with fresh paint and new hardware, but I’ve heard that you can’t get good results painting over stain. You will probably need to paint that whole wall or ceiling, because it is very difficult to paint just a patch and get it to blend well with the rest. When using a water-based product over an oil-based product, such as water-based High Performance Topcoat over oil-based Gel Stain, wait 72 hours before applying the water-based product. If this is not done you will be able to see the stain through the paint. For another, they can be used without the need for ventilation, since they produce no dangerous fumes, and cleanup is simple – just soap and water. Read on to learn how to get great results when painting over wood stain. The reason I'm adding this detail is to make you aware that your exterior … Wait an hour, and you’re ready to paint. Brush on a quick-dry primer to ensure that paint adheres fully to the prepared surface—and save you lots of drying time. Whether you're noticing the stains for the first time or they're old ones, find the leak or you could soon have some major ceiling repairs on your hands. While paint only coats the surface, stains such as … Allow the surface to dry for at least 10 minutes. Clean the surface with trisodium phosphate, sand rough areas and apply stain-blocking latex primer to ensure that the oil from the stain does not bleed into the paint later. For best results, prime the water-sealed wood first. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. This is best done professionally because many of the sprays you use to kill mold are toxic (to kill the mold) and can be dangerous if not handled carefully. If your home has suffered water damage recently, Williams Professional Painting would be happy to help you get everything set to rights again. Finally, prime the area with a stain-blocking primer. If, however, you notice streaks, prime with a bonding, stain-blocking primer such as Valspar’s primer/sealer (available at Lowe’s). Condominium Exterior and Hallway Painting. Allow it to dry overnight, then lightly sand any rough areas with a 220-grit sandpaper. For the best results possible, we recommend that you use two coats of paint on your project. By using any of the three stain blockers above will effectively block stains permanently, with no bleed through. If the water beads up after about a minute, the stain is oil-based (oil repels water). Because latex paint is water-based, it is incompatible with oil-based solid stains. Why not call a professional painter? Repeat and let the surface air dry. When using a water based topcoat over an oil based stain, allow oil based finishes, such as Java Gel Stain, to dry at least 72 hours before coating with a water based … Follow the basic steps of clean, sand, prime, paint. Stain Over Paint: Tips for Success With oil-based stains, use only natural applicators like horse hair brushes or cotton pads. To ensure the best results, ask your paint store to tint the primer a similar color to your top coat. Because chalky surface can scratch more easily, protect your paint job with a polyurethane top coat. This problem can be easily sorted and it doesn't have to cost you much money Zinnser stain block is excellent but expensive. When purchasing a primer, ask the paint professional what type of stain-killer primers are available for purchase. Water-based stains – Mostly recommended for exterior use, you can recognize them by their semi-transparent color and the word latex mentioned on their label. A tint base is brought to the paint counter at the home center or hardware store for color mixing, similar to the way paint is mixed. Is this sounding like a lot of work? Wipe off residual sandpaper dust and dry off the object. Fortunately, with the proper approach, you can successfully use water-based paint over oil-based paint. 16 Essential Must Have Painting Tools Add mild dish detergent to warm water in a bucket to scrub the surfaces you want to paint. but the underlying finish has to be absolutely dry. Paint adheres well over water-based stain, so after completing the prep steps outlined above, apply a … Repair any holes, scratches, or other damage with wood filler. Now You Can Paint Over Your Water Stains Paint the affected area with a high-quality interior paint. Other factors worth noting with water based stains are fewer odors, a quicker drying time, are non-flammable, and they clean up with soap and water. You can call us at (703) 768-8143 if you have any questions or go online to schedule a free estimate today. A carpenter or a painting company can evaluate and address this for you. First, patch-test the chalk paint on an inconspicuous spot and let dry eight hours. Paint technology has advanced in leaps and bounds over recent decades, and water-based products rival, or are superior to, oil-based products in most situations. ANSWER: Yes! After drying … And you certainly can paint over stain, choosing the method that best suits the type of stain on the surface and the kind of paint you wish to use. Minwax® Water Based Wood Stain comes in two tint bases—Clear Tint Base and White Tint Base—that are used to make 40 different stain colors. Woodworking Myth: You should never put a water-based finish on top of an oil-based finish. Always wait before the first coat is completely dry—typically overnight—before applying a second coat. If the drywall or plaster is not dry, you will not be able to paint it successfully. Next, to dull the stain, lightly sand the surface with 150-grit or finer sandpaper, moving in the direction of the grain to avoid crosshatching in the final result. First, don safety goggles and gloves, and turn on a fan to circulate the air in your work area. If you skip this important step, you will continue to see water stains through the paint. If you wish to change from a water-based to oil-based deck stain, or vice versa, here are some suggestions. We look forward to hearing from you! Now that you have repaired the leak, dried the drywall, killed the mold, and primed stains, you are ready to paint. Using water-based or acrylic paint when painting over oil-based paint is likely to cause peeling or chipping because those formulas don't bond well with the naturally glossy surface of oil-based paint. Wait overnight for the first coat of chalk paint to dry, then apply a second coat. Jim Carroll explains why it’s not only acceptable to use a water-based finish over and oil finish – provided you do it correctly – but that it can be the best solution when you want to … Wait seven days for the painted surface to fully cure, then apply a thin coat of matte polyurethane such as Rustoleum’s Ultimate Polyurethane (available on Amazon) to the surface. Varnish stains – Although they are thicker than most oil-based stains, they too contain mineral spirits and can be thinned with it. It's OK to use oil-based stain over water-based as long as you clean and prepare the existing surface well. Step 1 Wipe the latex finish with a rag dampened with mineral spirits. Because chemical deglossers contain volatile compounds harmful to lungs and skin, always wear a safety mask and gloves and work in a well-ventilated space. With water-based stains, you can use either natural applicators or synthetic applicators like foam sponge brushes. Use latex primer and paint when painting over a water-based wood stain. After all the rain we’ve been getting recently, if your house has some water stains on the walls or ceilings, you're not alone! And, exterior grade oil-based clear coats are not typically applied over water-based stains or paints. Paint can be applied to water sealers, but the drying time of the sealer itself is the most important part of this task. Until the leak is fixed you shouldn’t try to paint over a water stain. This paint over stain technique is not a stain at all but because you paint in one direction, the base coat shows through in such a way to look like wood grains, providing a subtle barn wood finish to an existing piece. ©2021 Williams Professional Painting, Inc. This will influence the … Traditionally painting directly over water stains with emulsion paint would fail, resulting in water stains bleeding through the paint. There are several advantages to using water-based color stains. Apply two coats of latex paint over the primer for complete coverage. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. A: Kudos to you for doing right by a family heirloom! If you are planning on painting your wood siding with an exterior wood stain, you're probably wondering whether to use a water-based or an oil-based product.There are important factors you should consider when making your decision. I would suggest preparing the ceiling by rubbing down with sandpaper then apply one coat of oil based undercoat to the stained surface if the ceiling isn't very large then i would paint the whole ceiling in the undercoat this will sort out your problem at half the cost Then, follow these general preparatory steps for painting over stain: Paint adheres well over water-based stain, so after completing the prep steps outlined above, apply a water-based latex primer with a brush or a roller. NOTE: Most water-based stains and water-based clear coats are interior only products. Also, let him or her know what type of stain you’re painting over (oil-based or water-based), and what type of paint you intend to use. Chalk paint is a water-based formula that will stick to almost anything. Have a professional roofer address these issues. Repeat this step if necessary, applying a second thin polyurethane top coat and sanding any rough areas the next day. QUESTION: Can oil and water based products be used over each other? Based in Alexandria, Virginia, Williams Professional Painting has served Virginia, Maryland and Washington, D.C. as a painting contractor since 1979. When glazing with any color over water stains, we recommend some type of seal coat is applied first. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. You can trust us to get the painting done quickly and attractively, but most of all, done right, so that the new paint lasts like it should. If you already laid down a water-based finish and decided to go for an oil-based one, do not fret. Ceiling water stains are almost always caused by a leak. Dip a washcloth in water and wipe off any dust or grit left behind by the sandpaper. Using a quality paint, either water based latex, oil based, or spray paint, paint over your previously stained wood. Before you prep, determine the type of wood stain (oil- or water-based) that you… Water is the best thinner for them. But you must follow ONE simple rule to ensure the best possible finish: the underlying finish must be absolutely dry. Dip a soft sponge into the mixture, wring out, and wipe down the surface, soaking up all dirt and grime. Sponge away any dust from your sanding process. Luckily, there are ways around this when it comes to applying finishes. Then dip a rang into deglosser and wipe down the surface. If the water stains are near a window or door, it is very likely the fault of deteriorated caulking, faulty wood, or a problem with the door or window itself. By Andréana Lefton and Bob Vila. If the water stains are on your ceiling, then the likeliest issue is a roof leak, probably near a vent, a vent pipe, a chimney, or some other feature where water tends to find a way in. Paint Your Stained Wood Surface After carrying out all the above steps, it’s time to paint your surface. Well, to tell the truth, it is! RELATED: 11 Problems You Can Solve with Paint. They are more breathable meaning they won’t trap moisture which can cause a stain to fail. Painting over the stain isn't difficult, but it requires an undercoat of stain-blocking primer to prevent the stain from reappearing. First, clean the stained surface with soapy water to remove any dust, dirt, and cobwebs. So, can you paint over water stains? Finally, apply two coats of paint. Ask below in our comment area. 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